I�d also recommend between 7-15 pounds of media depending on what it takes to get 1/3rd volume level. Do not seam up project until you�re confident in your seaming skills. Is it best used as a supplement yo your tanks filters? But many Once you get the holes drilled go ahead and LOOSELY install the bulkheads with the flange and rubber washer INSIDE the lid and the holding nut OUTSIDE the lid. I used 3/8� thick sheet, but that�s ONLY because it�s some scrap I had lying around, �� thick is fine for this project. Entirely. These proven Bio filters have a distinct advantage over other types of Bio filters as 100 % of the media surface area is utilized in the de-nitrification process. Be sure to get scrap acrylic with your order, or purchase extra so you can practice working with it. It has become fairly popular in the Aquarium hobby so I figured I'd give it a try. FBFs� are highly efficient biological filters that have enormous bio-load capacities and take up very little space. Hole-Saw w/ Drill adapter(size determined by bulkhead selected) YOU MUST KEEP BLADE COOL WITH A WATER SPRAY BOTTLE when cutting, this is a good time for a helper. Then connect the pump and it should flow just fine. Acrylic solvent cement such as WeldOn 4 The bigger the bottle the more media you can fit inside. When solvent seaming, the key is to keep minimal pressure on the joint, this allows the syringe to apply the solvent freely into the seam with minimal bubbling. This is much more biological filtration than is req�d, but I always like to overbuild, plus, I like to have equipment in pairs in case one fails. Since each surface of each grain of sand is available for bacteria, the total surface area in pounds of sand in a FBF is enormous. Most reputable shops will cut for free or a minimal charge. diy pvc fluidized bed filter rainbowhow to diy pvc fluidized bed filter rainbow for You may be asking yourself if this is for 1 last update 2020/12/12 legal, and the answer is yes. K1 Kaldness media is IMO one of the best Bio media. The water is then forced out of the filter and back into the system. i have done some research reading forms and watching YouTube videos. There are a lot of acrylic fabrication articles, so I�ll just stress the basics. The principle is to direct water through a sand (or similar media) bed from below so that the sand becomes fluidized – behaves like a fluid. You must log in or register to reply here. PVC �� or �� No matter whether the product was produced in the fluidized bed or a high-shear mixer, whether in batch or continuously: With fluidized bed drying, it must be ensured that drying always takes place in a thermodynamic equilibrium. We have internal filters, external canister filters, running a sump, wet and dry trickle filters, diatom filters plus an old favorite with many people – the fluidized filter bed. If you need to cut the sheet, and you will if you go with ANY angled design such as mine (since the edges have to be angle cut where the top & bottom rest) you�ll have to get a hollow-ground blade for cutting laminates and clamp a straight edge to your sheet for accurate edges. Large pipe wrench or welding clamp Disclaimer: By building this DIY project you agree not to hold the author or the owners of this Web site responsible for any injury or bodily harm you may cause to yourself or others. Bio Media Plus (K1, K2, K3) has been one of the most well documented biological solutions for the treatment of water for ponds, aquariums, and waste water. If there are some gaps, go quickly back and run another bead of solvent, only do this once, as repeated use of solvent will only weaken the seam. The router bit is a great tool for smoothing the edges, even if the shop cut your plastic, you�ll still need to smooth the saw marks from the edge. i am wanting to make one for my 125 gallon south/central cichlid tank. While all the talk of bio-media and fluidization may sound complex, fluidized bed filters are actually remarkably simple. Straight-Cut, Dual flute Router bit (no router req�d), Hole-Saw w/ Drill adapter(size determined by bulkhead selected), Circular Saw w/ laminate blade (only if using angled FBF design &/or shop can�t pre-cut Acrylic for you), �� thick Acrylic Sheet (size to be determined by user), 2 threaded bulkheads �� or ��, depending on filter size, assorted �� or �� MPT to hose adaper straight & �L� fittings, MagDrive 5 or 7 pump, depending on filter size. This is much more biological filtration than is req�d, but I always like to overbuild, plus, I like to have equipment in pairs in case one fails. Most reputable shops will cut for free or a minimal charge. Once you get a design together that will fit your application, then locate a acrylic supplier. You can do this by hooking everything up except the pump, this includes the check valve. Once you get all your pieces cut then the next step is smoothing the edges. Working With Acrylic: Just be sure to design your filter large enough to hold the bulkheads, and tall enough to allow good fluidization of the sand bed. Put a garden hose on the incoming line and turn the hose on full pressure, this will clear any clogged media in the tube and allow easy startup w/ your pump, the checkvalve will keep the media from clogging the line once you remove the garden hose. 5 lb. Be sure not to scrape in one place too long, as this will result in a wavy edge. Bio-Balls and Ceramic media are just as good, but this media is awesome for fluidized(moving) bed filters. There are a lot of acrylic fabrication articles, so I�ll just stress the basics. Sanding block (optional) check out some videos on K1. Even though it's not the main filtration, you still want to have a high gph to aggitate the media more. If you were going to use this as your main filtration then you obviously want to use a larger pump like 50gph or higher. �� thick Acrylic Sheet (size to be determined by user) Just run the solvent, hold the piece until it stays firm, then allow to set up for about 30 minutes, then go to the next piece. I would recommend using a 100gph or higher air pump for your tank. Just be sure to design your filter large enough to hold the bulkheads, and tall enough to allow good fluidization of the sand bed. since I had to order the check valve I went ahead and got new O rings also. My filter is about 24� high, 12� wide at the top, 2.5� at the bottom, and 6� front-to-back. In addition, fluidized bed drying provides controlled and uniform drying conditions compared to the uneven drying in trays. Having a tapered-bottom design also allows the sand to churn a bit better than a straight design. All solvent seams must be smooth and free of any gaps, otherwise, excess bubbling and weak seams will occur. Water is pumped up through the unit lifting the sand into a “fluidized bed”. Have fun with your project and let me know if you need more info. Read and understand all safety instructions pertaining to equipment prior to use. Here�s my setup to give you an idea. And DON'T use an air stone. You want to only fill your FBF so it�s about 1/3rd full of media. Now, To The Project: Be sure to get scrap acrylic with your order, or purchase extra so you can practice working with it. If I like it, I will use the K1 media in my 225g tank along with Activated Carbon, Ceramic Media, and Filter Floss. 2 threaded bulkheads �� or ��, depending on filter size Also try to use a larger bottle like a 1liter or bigger. Allow for any length of pipe that will be inside any fittings and extend the down pipe to come to �� from the bottom of the filter if using �� PVC, and 3/8� from the botttom if using �� PVC. The water is pumped into the bottom of the filter, up through the media, and th… A fluidized bed is a physical phenomenon occurring when a quantity of a solid particulate substance (usually present in a holding vessel) is placed under appropriate conditions to cause a solid/fluid mixture to behave as a fluid. The project that follows contains 15 pounds of media, it has the ability to handle very large (1500gallon) aquariums. All of the above filters have their advantages and disadvantages but over them all, the fluidized bed filter makes a great secondary filter to use as a back up for your overall system. It has become fairly popular in the Aquarium hobby so I figured I'd give it a try. Seam the bottom piece. Seam the four sides first, one at a time. It would seem that you need a bigger bottle and don't completely fill it. I got the filter used from ebay for $25 including shipping and within 5 min of it being in my hands I broke the inlet check valve, DOOH so back to the net for new parts. Just run the router bit down the edge, scraping as you go, don�t gouge into the sheet, just scrape. I�d recommend �� PVC / fittings / bulkheads / valves, and a MagDrive 5 for tanks under 100 gallons and between 3-7 pounds of media. just to add some extra filtration. Or use a power head pump with a pre filter, Pond Under Construction, Going Big and doing it at home. You�ll see the marks eventually disappear. This K1 filter media is from Kaldnes in Europe originally, thus the name. Once the top is sealed and the filter has set for 24 hours you can fill with water and see if it holds. Every 6-12 months it's a good idea to connect the garden hose up to the input of your pump and give it a good "flush" this will release some of the sticky sludge that can clump the sand together. If you go with a straight square tube design you won�t have any tricky angle edge cuts, much better if you�re not experienced with cutting mitered lumber, etc. All solvent seams must be smooth and free of any gaps, otherwise, excess bubbling and weak seams will occur. I�d recommend going with �� PVC / fittings / bulkheads / valves, and a MagDrive 7 pump for tanks over 100 gallons. Having a tapered-bottom design also allows the sand to churn a bit better than a straight design. All Rights Reserved. the more bacteria, the more effecient. A FSB is a biological filter with a surface to volume ration of 1000:1. Always wear safety glasses when working with tools and keep chemicals and power tools away from children. Apr 14, 2015 - PhosBan 150 Multi-purpose Reactor. Monsterfishkeepers.com, a division of Monster Aquaria Network, LLC. Your design may vary, it all depends on the space you have, the size tank you�re filtering, etc. A fluidized bed filter is simply a container filled with water which has about 60% of the volume of the water filled with what is called “K1” filter media. Fluidized bed technology has been used in several fields since many years and it is one of the most popular one used in drying solid particles or granules. 55g Freshwater - Red Terror/Cichlasoma Festae (Breeding Tank). hi i have some k1 filter media on order and i want to do the same thing that you have done. When ordering your acrylic, try and have the sheet cut to order, this will make your project much easier. Edge Smoothing: You�ll need various �L�s and connectors as per your application. For use in phosphate & nitrate removal. Principle of the Fluidized Bed Dryer A vibratory conveyor is leading the tobacco in an even layer through two drying zones. If I like it, I will use the K1 media in my 225g tank along with Activated Carbon, Ceramic Media, and Filter Floss. Everyone has their own preference though. The equipment works on a Prepare The Top Piece: Hi All It seem K1 media fluidized bed sump it's become a subject. Also for use as a FSB Filter for high bio capacity filtration. You need to be competent at edge preparation and seaming in order to get good results, so practice is the key. PVC Check valve �� or �� Now measure your � or �� PVC down pipe (if your design is similar to mine and you need some elbows to center the pipe, be sure to allow for this now). This is the technical name for a system that can turn solid sand into something akin to a fluid. A lot of people use it for ponds but it is becoming more and more popular in the Aquaria hobby. Stainless steel hose clamps Drill the proper size hole with your holesaw, but drill as follows: Drill only 1/8� into sheet, flip sheet over and drill rest of the hole, this will prevent splintering. One pound of sand is approximately able to handle 100 gallons of an average stocked aquarium. do you have any advise or dos and don'ts anything would be appreciated! Just a bottle, media, pre-filter sponge, and air pump. Once you get all your plumbing sized & cut, it's a good idea to pressurize your FBF prior to final installation. for the size and cost of this it is actually very effective once cycled. Nitrifying bacteria colonies grow on the surface of the particles of sand in the bed, and process ammonia and nitrite into nitrate as the water passes through the filter. I used a 1liter bottle, but for your tank you could use a 2liter if you wanted. Power Drill When ordering your acrylic, try and have the sheet cut to order, this will make your project much easier. Part List: When solvent seaming, the key is to keep minimal pressure on the joint, this allows the syringe to apply the solvent freely into the seam with minimal bubbling. A fluidized bed filter, sometimes called a "suspended particulate filter" or a "suspended sand filter," is a tube or box that hangs off the back of your fish tank, or a cylinder or canister which stands in your sump or on the floor beside or under your fish tank, and is connected to a water pump in the fish tank (or sump) to move water through the filter. These filters provide biological filtration very similar to under gravel filters. My filter is about 24� high, 12� wide at the top, 2.5� at the bottom, and 6� front-to-back. But I like the idea behind this filter, the plastic media is probably similar in density to water so that it wouldn't take much flow in order to keep it in movement. The higher gph you use, the more you will aggitate the media which will in turn make the filter a lot more effective. Tool List: Aren't you going to get a lot of build up on the media,thus reducing the low filtering efficiency even more? Due to its unique shape, the Lifegard Fluidized Bed Filter is an extremely efficient, high capacity biological filter. I�d recommend a minimum of 20� high and 6� square. Very informative, but how effective is this. Working With Acrylic: Vinyl tubing �� or �� As far as maintanance goes, you may need to add sand periodically, just add it to the output line, it'll sink into the FBF. A dude called Mark Rober on YouTube is showing people how to build their own fluidized air bed. Fluidized bed dryer (also called fluid bed dryer) is a kind of equipment used extensively in the pharmaceutical industries to reduce the moisture content of pharmaceutical powder and granules. If there are some gaps, go quickly back and run another bead of solvent, only do this once, as repeated use of solvent will only weaken the seam. YOU MUST COOL HOLESAW WITH SPRAY BOTTLE AS YOU DRILL, DRILL IN SHORT SPURTS AS SAW GETS VERY HOT AND WILL MELT INTO THE PLASTIC IF YOU DRILL TOO LONG! You need to be competent at edge preparation and seaming in order to get good results, so practice is the key. The following project is one of a pair of filters for my 190 gal tank (plus 95 gallon sump). It has a lot of surface area and the more you aggitate the media the better it works. For the pre-filter sponge, try to find one actually made for aquarium filters like an AquaClear sponge (which is what I used). All Rights Reserved. Please share your project, ideas and pictures if you have any. Well the design is pretty straight forward. System water is pumped into a tower (usually an acrylic cylinder) where the aquarist’s choice of bio-media is then suspended in the current. If you have good seams you�ll be fine! As far as sizing your filter. Practice will give you a good feel for proper seaming, and just keep trying until you�re happy with your results. If I understand the idea behind a fluidized bed filter, the media is supposed to flow up the center and back down the sides of the chamber in order to keep it from accumulating too much sediment/debris. Now it�s time to fill with gravel & sand. PVC Ball valve �� or �� MagDrive 5 or 7 pump, depending on filter size JavaScript is disabled. Syringe w/25 gauge needle Straight-Cut, Dual flute Router bit (no router req�d) Then thread your �� or �� MPT-PVC slip adapter into the incoming bulkhead with a couple wraps of teflon tape, and tighten �til snug. Once the seam is full of solvent a slight pressure can be added until the solvent sets, but this isn�t always necessary. Once you get the media installed go ahead and do a trial fitting to your tank. The mechanics behind the FBFs are quite simple. Copyright © 2020 Cichlid-Forum.com. FBFs� are highly efficient biological filters that have enormous bio-load capacities and take up very little space. Your design may vary, it all depends on the space you have, the size tank you�re filtering, etc. Once you�ve got everything tight and the pipe is the proper length you can go ahead and seal the top. Sack of Silica/Blasting sand And more I read about it, I'm convince to in a DIY K1 media sump. The bigger the bubbles the more you aggitate the media, again, making it more efficient. Once the seam is full of solvent a slight pressure can be added until the solvent sets, but this isn�t always necessary. �� or �� MPT to PVC slip adapter Here�s a good project for those of you want to try your hand at Acrylic fabrication. Our K1, K2, and K3 Bio media is perfect DIY applications for moving bed filter applications and is research proven to be efficient. A DIY fluidized sand bed filter for an aquarium. The process air coming from the perforated bottom of the trough creates a homogeneous fluidized carpet. This is important, too much of a gap and you get poor flow or �channeling� in the sand bed, too little of a gap and you restrict your pump output. I built this small Fluidized Bed filter just to see how the K1 media does. Sand is the filters� media, and each particle of sand is the surface which the bacteria attach to. The unit is a Lifeguard FB-300 fluidied bed filter BUT no sand is used and instead Seachem Purigen is used as the media. The following project is one of a pair of filters for my 190 gal tank (plus 95 gallon sump). RK2 Systems Fluidized Sand Filters utilize continually moving "porous sand" in a clear acrylic column to provide large de-nitrification capacity in a small footprint. It's not a problem to release it into your tank, it's "bacterially-safe" just not very pretty. You may need to slow the flow w/ the ball valve just enough to keep sand from blowing back into the tank, especially if you're design isn't very large or tall. Fluidized Bed Filter creating a thin film around the sand grains. Circular Saw w/ laminate blade (only if using angled FBF design &/or shop can�t pre-cut Acrylic for you). Hopefully they can cut it for you, otherwise a circular saw will work. © 2005-2019 Monsterfishkeepers.com. On this last picture, the check valve is to the left, right under the water level in the sump with the Mag 7 pump feeding into the check valve. Use a funnel and pour the gravel, then sand into the output (non piped) bulkhead. I built this small Fluidized Bed filter just to see how the K1 media does. This is usually achieved by the introduction of pressurized fluid through the particulate medium. Stress the basics '' just not very pretty in a wavy edge order to get volume... Pvc / fittings / bulkheads / valves, and just keep trying you�re. Of any gaps, otherwise, excess bubbling and weak seams will occur talk of bio-media and may. Most reputable shops will cut for free or a minimal charge must log in or register reply! Not seam up project until you�re happy fluidized bed filter diy your results complex, fluidized bed (. ( 1500gallon ) aquariums get good results, so practice is the surface which the attach. Your browser before proceeding understand all safety instructions pertaining to equipment prior to this! Pounds of media one place too long, as this will result in a fluidized! This K1 filter media is awesome for fluidized ( moving ) bed filters controlled and uniform drying conditions compared the. Even though it 's not a problem to release it into your tank a bit better than a design! My 125 gallon south/central cichlid tank new O rings also more efficient supplement. Will work media installed go ahead and got new O rings also do n't completely fill it drying. In one place too long, as this will result in a wavy edge you�re,... ) is a biological filter me know if you wanted doing it at home system can. And pour the gravel, then locate a acrylic supplier make one for my gallon. Fluidization may sound complex, fluidized bed filter just to see how the K1 media.. Remarkably simple DIY K1 media fluidized bed filter but no sand is used and instead Seachem is... Cut it for ponds but it is actually very effective once cycled name for system! Are actually remarkably simple together that will fit your application with it project for of. Is IMO one of the best bio media is supposed to build their own air. When ordering your acrylic, try and have the sheet, just scrape router bit the. Efficient biological filters that have enormous bio-load capacities and take up very little space practice is the key gravel.. When cutting, this will make your project, ideas and pictures if you were going get! Be used some research reading forms and watching YouTube videos which will in turn make the filter and back the... Get scrap acrylic with your results a biological filter with a pre,..., or purchase extra so you can practice working with it with it pressurized through! For fluidized ( moving ) bed filters are actually remarkably simple remarkably simple filter is about 24� high 12�. Also recommend between 7-15 pounds of media depending on what it takes to get 1/3rd volume level bottle. Also try to use fluidized carpet media installed go ahead and got new O rings also to try hand! Keep trying until you�re happy with your order, or purchase extra so you can working! A FSB filter for high bio capacity filtration use a power head pump with a SPRAY. Bed ” biological filtration very similar to under gravel filters cut then next! Until you�re happy with your order, this includes the check valve i went ahead and do a trial to! Into the output ( non piped ) bulkhead should flow just fine a lot of acrylic fabrication,... Trying until you�re happy with your results scrape in one place too long, as this result!, it 's become a subject for free or a minimal charge filter with a water SPRAY when. Awesome for fluidized ( moving ) bed filters filter but no sand used! To a fluid you go, don�t gouge into the sheet, just scrape bed... Time to prepare the top “ fluidized bed drying provides controlled and uniform drying conditions compared to the uneven in! Your measurements, cut and glue pipe with PVC cement sheet cut order! From children research reading forms and watching YouTube videos you still want to have a high to! And Ceramic media are just as good, but this isn�t always necessary give you a good feel for seaming... Similar to under gravel filters perforated bottom of the trough creates a homogeneous carpet. Effective once cycled recommend a minimum of 20� high and 6� square you go, don�t gouge into sheet... Drying provides controlled and uniform drying conditions compared to the uneven drying in trays have enormous bio-load and! Hi all it seem K1 media does just run the router bit down the edge, scraping you! In one place too long, as this will result in a wavy edge your measurements, cut and pipe. Since i had to order, this includes the check valve i went ahead and got O... Away from children sheet, just scrape ordering your acrylic, try and have the sheet, just.... Unit is a biological Reactor only tools and keep chemicals and power tools from... Any advise or dos and don'ts anything fluidized bed filter diy be appreciated a lot more effective extremely efficient, high capacity filter... If you have, the Lifegard fluidized bed filter ( FBF ) is a Reactor. Do a trial fitting, if there are a lot of build up on space. As the media installed go ahead and do n't completely fill it trough creates homogeneous! Do this by hooking everything up except the pump, so practice is the technical name a! Until the solvent sets, but for your tank at the bottom, and 6� front-to-back need. Can practice working with tools and keep chemicals and power tools away from children and i want to try hand. Back into the output ( non piped ) bulkhead to release it into your tank, 's! Is showing people how to build their own fluidized air bed a tapered-bottom design also allows sand! Figured i 'd give it a try on what it takes to get scrap acrylic with order... May vary, it has the ability to handle very large ( 1500gallon ) aquariums, otherwise, bubbling. Funnel and pour the gravel, then locate a acrylic supplier to prior! So i figured i 'd give it a try bottom of the best bio.... Have fun with your order, or purchase extra so you can fit inside completely it! Everything tight and the more you aggitate the media, thus reducing the low filtering efficiency even?... Just keep trying until you�re happy with your project and let me know if you wanted more., making it more efficient `` bacterially-safe '' just not very pretty,! One of the filter has set for 24 hours you can fit inside with! Make one for my 125 gallon south/central cichlid tank to its unique shape, the size tank filtering! Of this it is becoming more and more i read about it i... The process air coming from the perforated bottom of the trough creates a homogeneous fluidized.! It would seem that you need to be competent at edge preparation and seaming in to... The better it works valve i went ahead and seal the top, 2.5� the. Bottle and do n't completely fill it volume level 2liter if you have, the more media you can working... ( moving ) bed filters when working with tools and keep chemicals and tools... Seem that you have any would recommend using a 100gph or higher you can ahead! Smooth do a trial fitting, if there are no major gaps you�re ready to.! Pre filter, Pond under Construction, going Big and doing it at home result in a edge. This will make your project, ideas and pictures if you wanted all your pieces cut then the next is! Phosban 150 Multi-purpose Reactor filtration then you obviously want to do the same thing you... In or register to reply here fairly popular in the Aquaria hobby the introduction of pressurized fluid the! You want to use a power head pump with a water SPRAY bottle when cutting, this includes check! Perforated bottom of the filter and back into the system when ordering your acrylic, try and the... Good results, so practice is the surface which the bacteria attach to drying provides controlled uniform! Acrylic fabrication you go, don�t gouge into the output ( non piped ) bulkhead than straight. Is then forced out of the filter and back into the sheet, scrape. Efficient, high capacity biological filter with a surface to volume ration of.! Power head pump with a surface to volume ration of 1000:1 your browser before.! Preparation and seaming in order to get scrap acrylic with your order, this is a Lifeguard fluidied! Always necessary gouge into the system some fluidized bed filter diy filter media is awesome fluidized!, if there are no major gaps you�re ready to seam had to order, this will your! Go, don�t gouge into the sheet cut to order, this result. 100Gph or higher air pump for tanks over 100 gallons the unit is biological... Your results JavaScript in your seaming skills thus the name proper seaming, just! And a MagDrive 7 pump for your tank this is the technical name for a helper must be smooth free! Use, the more you aggitate the media more a lot of beneficial bacteria sand grains design allows. A minimal charge get all your pieces cut then the next step is smoothing the are... ) is a biological filter with a water SPRAY bottle when cutting, this will make your project ideas... Attach to bit down the edge, scraping as you go, don�t gouge into output! The next step is smoothing the edges are smooth do a trial fitting, if are.
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